INDIA  :   Education

Ever-expanding careers in IT

Saturday , 19 December 2015

In the contemporary world, where dependence on IT is ever increasing, a career in this field is a safe bet

It is not without reason that India is considered a world-class hub, in the field of Information Technology (IT). The IT sector in India, according to studies conducted by the Abhinav Journal, is growing at an unprecedented rate of 35 per cent per annum.

In 2014, India had 243 million Internet users—behind only China and the US. And, this number is expected to grow at a fast pace. Software production and e-commerce in the country are also expanding at exponential rates. The IT industry, along with business process outsourcing, increased its contribution to the country’s GDP from 1.2 per cent in 1998 to 7.5 per cent in 2012.

Internet access is fast becoming a common necessity, rather than something aspirational. And, this hasn’t been lost on the central government, which launched a ‘Digital India’ campaign, aimed at making more government services available to citizens electronically, through improvements in online infrastructure and an increase in Internet connectivity.

According to some estimates, the number of professionals in the IT industry is believed to have crossed the 2 lakh-mark and is continuing to grow. There is also significant demand in the US for Indian IT professionals.

This phenomenal growth of the IT industry within India and high demand for Indian IT professionals abroad, means that many students are eyeing a career in the field, which also pays rather well.

Courses

There are various courses in IT available at different institutions across the country. Many diploma and degree courses are available, for those who have an aptitude and flair in this discipline.

One can start by enrolling for post-school undergraduate programmes, like Bachelor in Computer Applications (BCA), Bachelor in Science with Computers (B.Sc.), Bachelor in Science with Information Technology (B.Sc.-IT), Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Computers and Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) in Computer Science.

After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, one can either take-up a job, which are available easily, or go for post graduate courses like Masters in Computer Applications (MCA), Masters in Science (M.Sc.) in Computers, Masters in System Management (M.S.M.) and Masters in Technology (M.Tech.) in Computer Science, to enhance their knowledge and skills in IT. “Computer is an evolving subject and there are no limitations on all the options available for exploration,” says a computer enthusiast, Lokansh Sharma, who just passed his 10+2 examination.

Besides degree programmes, there are several diploma, certificate and a few degree equivalent courses also available in Computer Applications, like DOEACC’s – O, A, B, C level.

Eligibility

To enroll for a course in IT at the undergraduate level, one needs to have passed 10+2 examination in any stream, though preferred subjects are mathematics and computers.

For a “B” level or graduate equivalent level DOE scheme, one need to have an “A” level certificate or diploma in computers, or an equivalent qualification.

For Post Graduate courses one should have obtained bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, or any other degree related to science, mathematics, statistics or operational research.

Top institutions

With the IT revolution hitting India soon after economic liberalisation was set in motion, the number of colleges offering world class education has increased, as well. Today, there are almost 200 engineering colleges and more than a 1,000 institutes engaged in imparting education in the field of computers.

No prizes for guessing that Indian Institutes of Technologies (IITs) remain the dream institutions for IT aspirants with Delhi, Mumbai, Kanpur and Kharagpur, being the desirable choices, in chronological order.

Some other government or aided institutes offering quality education in IT, are Bangalore Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, Osmania University Computer Center, Hyderabad, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, Victoria Jubilee Technological Institute, Mumbai, Algappa University, Tamil Nadu, BMS Institute of Engineering, Bangalore, School of Computer Science & Engineering, Phagwara-Punjab, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, just to name some of the important ones.

In recent times, a flourishing private education industry has also cropped-up across the country, which includes renowned institutions like NIIT, Aptech, Pentasoft etc. Hundreds of students are enrolling in these institutions, as well.

Specialisations

There are not many specialised openings available in the hardware industry segment, in which one has to deal with physical elements of the computer system like designing, manufacturing, assembling and maintenance of the components. On the other hand, the software sector is much more vast and thus, complicated.

Some of the specialisations in the software sector, which includes set of instructions, by which a computer is programmed for working and performing specified tasks and dealing with designing of the programmes for various purposes, are Software Engineers, which is the most sought after portfolio in the IT industry.

These professionals help in designing programmes and specialised packages, Web Designing and Development, System Analysis, etc. They are responsible for final testing of the software, besides advising their clients on key aspects, such as purchase, installation, consultancy, etc. They also provide expert guidance to companies, before any purchase is finalised. In addition to all these, there are also functions like Technical Writing and E-commerce within the ambit of specialisations in the field of IT.

Career prospects

Most businesses in India now have an installed desktop or a laptop. All offices, private and government alike, have shifted to network of computer systems. To cater to such a vast domestic, quasi government and government sector requirements, there is an ever increasing demand for IT professionals, both in the hardware and software sectors.

Mohit Singh, a resident of Krishna Nagar in east Delhi, who started installing computers in houses and got contracts to maintain servers of about 6 private firms informed us that “When I entered this profession there was hardly any competition. I could carve a desirable career for myself, quite easily. It is, however, not to suggest that the charm has faded. A career in IT still offers many opportunities.”

India offers the most appealing and striking job opportunities in countless number of fields, from BPO and KPO services to banking and finance, insurance, media, aviation, and many more. It is no secret that India, especially the national capital territory (that includes Noida and Gurgaon), is known for having the best BPO and KPO companies. Some of the well-known firms operating in these fields are Wipro, Global Vantage, Teleperformance, HCL, IBM, Converges, Genpact, GE, I-Energizer, just to name a few leading ones.

According to an estimate by National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) India would require more than 10 lakh trained software professionals in the next few years. The present availability, however, is only 5 per cent of the required number, making a strong case for IT remaining one of the most sought after professions, in the near future.

Remunerations

The starting salary in IT ranges from Rs 15,000 to Rs 18,000 per month. The pay scale in the programming jobs range from Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 per month. Software consultants can earn around Rs 50,000 per month. At the management level, the pay scales run into lakhs of rupees with equally attractive set of perks. This is also the profession with high chances of domestic absorption, or even transfer to foreign countries, especially the US.

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